One hundred years ago, on 24 October 1917, after three and a half years of bloody battles on the Isonzo Front, Austro-Hungarian forces launched an offensive that would bring a breakthrough, result in the complete defeat of the Italian forces, and end hostilities on the Isonzo Front.
A number of events will be held along the WWI Isonzo Front lines on 24 October to mark 100 years since the Miracle of Caporetto. The Miracle or Battle of Caporetto brought an end to the front with a swift offensive of the Central Powers that pushed the Italian army to the Piave river near Venice.
The main headquarters of the Austro-Hungarian forces on the Isonzo Front were located at a luxury hotel in Postojna. Field Marshal Svetozar Boroević, the commander of the Austro-Hungarian forces, spent entire days at the headquarters, but lived in a villa that now houses a local court.
Soldiers on the Isonzo Front faced a variety of health problems. Apart from wounds, the most common conditions were infections, contagious diseases, psychoses, burns and frostbites, and skin and venereal diseases.
The Isonzo Front in the First World War severely affected the nutritional habits of civilians who lived behind the front lines, as they were forced to live on simple and cheap foodstuffs such as polenta, rice and potato.
Alice Schalek, a notable WWI reporter in Austria-Hungary, began her career at the battlefields of the Isonzo Front. Considered a patriotic reporter, she had access to the front lines, which was a rare thing for civilians.
The Gorenjsko Museum has put on an exhibition marking the end of hostilities on the WWI Isonzo Front that highlights not just the hardship of soldiers fighting on the front lines but also civilian hardship.